Segregation due to Jim Crow laws were prominate in the 1940's. Although Plessy V. Fergeson was passed "seperate but equal" in the 1890's that was not always the case in the sergregated institutions. The Jim Crow laws also forbade blacks and whites to marry. Due to our governmental and societal inabilities to concede emancipation, we oprressed African Americans free will down to the point where we controlled who they could love, much like we do today with homosexual relationships. African Americans were discriminated in everything they did, Landlords could refuse to allow them to rent from them, Blacks and Whites lived in seperate neighborhoods, and often times people would not allow African Americans the right to register to vote. Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, but almost hundred years later African Americans are still enslaved due to oppression caused by Americas supremacist ideologies. Even though African Americans had a rough life, they were not just going to sit back and let this injustice happen. African Americans sought out opportunities to further their lives and make a better lives for their family and the generations after them. In 1944 the United Negro College Fund was established, which helped fund traditionally black universities and colleges. The Average African American living state side were begininning to migrate to the cities such as Detriot, Chicago and New York during the 1940's. Due to this migration more African Americans were creating new works of art creating a whirlwind of new entertainment to help them escape from the feelings of opression. Richard Wright, the author of "Black Boy," and blues musician Muddy Waters were active in Chicago during this period, while musicians Duke Ellington and Ella Fitzgerald were performing in New York City. Although there was some stir of a movement for Civil Rights in the 1940's the average African American was still weary for they were still facing the daily struggle of oppression.